Vilandeny by Anna Benedicto Vilaseca


Looking for the roots of our heritage, I found the majesty of the Romanesque art. Romanesque art (architecture, sculpture and painting) is characteristic of the first of two great artistic eras that flourished in Europe during the Middle Ages and it was the most important form of art since Imperial Roman architecture. Romanesque architecture emerged about the 10th century and lasted until about 1150, by which time it had evolved into Gothic art. The name Romanesque refers to the fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, Byzantine, and local Germanic traditions that make up the mature style. As we can observe on the image, Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semi-circular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing of nave and transept; and smaller towers at the church’s western end, i.e. the incredible scene of the photograph.