Bamburgh Castle by John Barnes

Bamburgh Castle

The majestic castle standing atop of the great Whinn Sill outcrop exemplifies most peoples idea of knights in shining armour and damsels in distress. The site dates back over 5000 years and was used by the Ancient Britons through to the Romans.
In 547 King Ida declared the lands around Bamburgh to be his kingdom of Bernicia and Bamburgh rock his capital. His grandson King Ethelfrith expanded the kingdom and named the capital Bebbanburg after his wife Bebba.
King William I came north and took vengeance on the wild Northumbrians after they killed the Norman Earl Robert de Comines. However it wasn’t until the reign of King Henry II that the castle became battle ready for Scottish incursions.
Bamburgh has a bloody history during the Anglo Scottish wars and the Wars of the Roses. The castle was of great strategic importance and played its part in many battles including Halidon Hill, Hexham and Hedgley Moor. The castle was the first to succumb to gunfire by the canons of King Henry IV which became the death knell of castles and towers as fortifications.
In the 1700’s it became a social enterprise scheme and was turned into a free poverty school, infirmary and shops for the poor with capped prices. In 1894 it was bought by Lord Armstrong who invested a fortune to bring the castle back to its former glory as it stands today.