Varanasi is older than history. The city is also known as Benares or Kashi.It is established on the banks of the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, India.
According to Hindu mythology, Varanasi was founded by Lord Shiva, one of three principal deities along with Brahma and Vishnu.
A major religious hub in India, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism.
Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BC. The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century, when Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi.